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William Hogarth (1697-1764)

Nationality - British

Famous Works - The Harlot's Progress, A Rake's Progress, Industry and Idleness, Beer Street, Gin Lane, Marriage a la Mode

Biography - Hogarth is renowned for being a pioneer in western sequential art, and was an influential English cartoonist, engraver, painter and satirist. He produced many political cartoons, as well as producing pictures with a moral story. Hogarth's first real recognition came in 1731, when he finished the first of man moral works, A Harlot's Progress. The work depicted a county girl, who became a prostitute in town and eventually died of a venereal disease. Four years later he produced A Rake's Progress, telling the story of the life of Tom Rakewell, who squandered his money on frivolous pursuits and ended up in Bedlam. In the same decade, Hogarth established St. Martin's Lane Academy, a guild for professional artists and school for young artists.

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